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At KMAC: Reviews of “Mystical Heart” and “Before It Falls Apart”


OCTOBER 10, 2021


For some of us, a certain kind of artmaking starts in early childhood, trying on different outfits in front of a mirror. Sometimes the clothes are our own. Sometimes they belong to our older siblings or our mothers or fathers or both; wearing these magical, perhaps forbidden garments (along with wigs, paper hats, fake mustaches, and the like) allows us to imagine ourselves in any number of disguises and personas, pasts and futures. We transform and shape-shift because it’s our nature. We contain multitudes, as the poet said, and sooner or later, we manifest those multitudes by becoming performers or writers.

Or visual artists. I don’t know whether Cynthia Norton or Kiah Celeste – both Kentucky artists with solo exhibitions at Louisville’s KMAC Museum through November 7 – ever played dress-up in front of a mirror as children, but it wouldn’t be surprising if they did. Norton’s “Mystical Heart” and Celeste’s “Before It Falls Apart” play with the idea of metamorphosis, and with delineating and revealing different aspects of the self, in ways that seem closely related to the imaginative self-explorations of childhood. I say play in at least two senses of the term, as both shows feel distinctly theatrical, performances of a sort, and also like products of fun, fruitful improvisation, however serious the end result. Viewing these shows, it’s easy to get caught up in the spirit of creative play, even when, as is its wont, it turns dark.

This is particularly true of “Mystical Heart,” a group of paintings nestled inside transmogrified antique bed frames, which conjure both the 19th and early 20th centuries and the Land of Nod. All of the paintings feature different sides and iterations of Norton’s alter ego, Ninnie Noises Nonesuch, the young Southern character she has played for years as a performance artist. For viewers unfamiliar with that body of work, the wall texts firmly situate Norton’s visual art here as an outgrowth of her theatrical work, which in turn is heavily influenced by the iconoclastic French intellectual, mystic, writer, film actor, and theater director Antonin Artaud (1896-1948). “Mystical Heart” turns out to be visual art grounded in performance art that is itself grounded in avant-garde art theory from a world away and a century ago: an art-historical rabbit hole with no end in sight.


Installation view of Cynthia Norton, Mystical Heart, KMAC Museum. Photo credit: Ted Wathen

Better to concentrate, I think, on what’s in front of us in the gallery, which is to say, the pieces themselves. Painted in a knowing folk-art style, they are not without clues as to their meaning – most of their titles include fairly bald thematic labels, enclosed in parentheses, such as “Hope,” “Lyricism,” and “Touch” – and yet they often remain as enigmatic as the dreams dreamed in the beds that surround them. They’re full of symbols that can feel like hermetically personal references to concepts and events that only the artist herself can know. The museum’s supplemental materials use the words narrative and storytelling in relation to these works, but the stories are lightly, fleetingly implied, like stills from the middle of a movie whose beginning and end are unknown; instead, they invite the viewer to fill in the blanks. How did Ninnie arrive at this or that apparently critical juncture? What happens next? It’s up to the viewer to decide.


Cynthia Norton, Ninnie Nub (Touch), 2021, oil on canvas, graphite, repurposed bed frame. Photo by Kevin Nance.

In “Ninnie Root (Lyricism),” which feels like the show’s centerpiece, Ninnie appears as a young girl in a yellow dress and petticoats on what might be a riverbank. (Her outfit suggests a bygone American South, but it also emits a certain Alice in Wonderland vibe; there’s even, maybe, a rabbit, more about which later.) The ground at her feet fairly writhes with gnarled, mossy, presumably slippery tree roots of distinctly serpentine character. The fact that Norton is originally from Athens, Kentucky, at the far eastern edge of Fayette County, may contribute to your understanding of the scene. Her arm extended out and up, Ninnie bears a lotus blossom, offering it up to a red orb (a balloon, maybe, although there’s no tethering string) bearing the name Hugo. You learn on KMAC’s website, if you choose to hunt for it, that this refers to Hugo Ball (1886-1927), a German writer, social critic, and co-founder of the nihilistic Dada art movement of the early 20th century. You can therefore read the painting as a moment of dedication and deliverance, a dreamy Southerner committing herself to an eccentric and, yes, lyrical life in pursuit of High Art with European roots.


Cynthia Norton, Ninnie Root (Lyricism), 2021, oil on canvas, repurposed bed frame. Photo by Kevin Nance.

Elsewhere, Ninnie perches on another of those mossy tree limbs, this time blindfolded and suspended precariously over the river: a portrait, perhaps, of the artist as a young mystic, shutting out the sight of her immediate surroundings in search of interior landscapes more to her liking. “Ninnie Naga (Horn of Valor),” featuring our protagonist as a mature woman sprawled (floating? drowning?) on her back in what might be a swimming pool shaped like one of Jeff Koons’ bunny sculptures, may be at once the show’s wittiest piece and its scariest. Or perhaps that honor goes to “Ninnie Knot,” a sort of Rorschach image in which Ninnie and her reflection can morph, if you look at it long enough, into another rabbit, this one distinctly sinister.


Cynthia Norton, Ninnie Naga (Horn of Valor), 2021, oil on canvas, repurposed bed frame, conch shells. Photo by Kevin Nance.


Cynthia Norton, Ninnie Knot, 2021, oil on canvas, graphite, repurposed bed frame. Photo by Kevin Nance.

“Mystical Heart” is at its most moving (and most explicitly art-historical) in “Ninnie Noche (Mask Transfixed),” an homage to René Magritte’s surreal painting “Time Transfixed” (1938), which Norton would have seen at the Art Institute of Chicago, whose school she attended. Instead of Magritte’s locomotive, which appears to be charging out of a fireplace flue beneath a mantel and clock, Norton shows us the other end of the train: a caboose with Ninnie standing at its rail, her face obscured by what seems to be a banjo. The train, it’s easy to imagine, is leaving the station that is Norton’s past. Ninnie is receding from our view, moving away from us (and from Norton herself) in both space and time, but taking with her a symbol of the Bluegrass, using it as a mask and a shield.


Cynthia Norton, Ninnie Noche (Mask Transfixed) (detail), 2021, oil on canvas, repurposed mantel fireplace, clock, mirror. Photo by Kevin Nance.


Although it lacks the emotional charge and the sheer, vivid weirdness of Norton’s work, Celeste’s “Before It Falls Apart” has its own virtues. Lighter, funnier, and more impersonal than “Mystical Heart,” Celeste’s exhibit uses photography and outdated industrial materials in a playful exploration of what’s possible when you give an enterprising and resourceful artist a platform to experiment in public.

It’s also generally more straightforward in its artistic aims than the Norton show, not to mention a good deal less dependent on wall texts and other supplementary contextual framing; what you see – the work itself – is what you get and, mostly, all you need. Its ethos is workmanlike, transparent, and democratic, qualities underlined by Celeste’s eschewing expensive art supplies in favor of cheap and/or salvaged products that otherwise would end up in landfills: old exercise balls, rolls of fiberglass, pipes made of plastic or corroded metal, vinyl bags filled with sand.


Installation view of Kiah Celeste, Before it Falls Apart, KMAC Museum. Photo credit: Ted Wathen

The show is divided into two parts, one focusing on sculpture, the other on large black-and-white “Contingent Sculpture” photographs showing the artist herself having some moderately interesting fun with things like golf balls, which she holds between her arms and her sides (or between her legs), and airshaft covers, to which she clings in a way that suggests hybrid creatures, part human, part machine. The best of the “Contingent Sculpture” pictures, hands down, is the one in which the artist’s lower extremities seem to have transformed into something like the coiled tentacles of a squid or octopus. Ovid would have recognized and approved of this striking image, as would the surrealists from Dalí to Remedios Varo.


Kiah Celeste, Contingent Sculpture 5.2, 2021, archival matte print. Photo courtesy of the artist and KMAC. 


Kiah Celeste, Contingent Sculpture 1.1, 2021, archival matte print. Photo courtesy of the artist and KMAC.

Celeste’s sculpture, in the adjacent gallery, is more assured and more consistently inventive. Her precarious stacking and squeezing of elements, the constant collisions of hard and soft and the resulting distortions, is quietly virtuosic. And the humanoid character of several pieces – including “In Good Company,” which suggests a tightly corseted mother and her two similarly restrained children, and “Recess,” which calls to mind drooping, exhausted human bodies – makes me think that the show’s title has at least a double meaning. The word It refers, maybe, not only to the materials Celeste is using but also to the body itself: hers, yours, ours. We all end up in landfills of one kind or another, sooner or later. The question is which of our possible selves we become, between now and then.

From L to R: Kiah Celeste, The Crimson Press, 2021, pillow, limestone. Kiah Celeste, Recess, 2021, vinyl upholstery, sand, swing chain. 


Kiah Celeste, In Good Company, 2021, exercise balls, forklift wheels, pigment. Photo by Kevin Nance.

Top image: Cynthia Norton, Mossy Limb (Hope), 2017, oil on canvas, repurposed bed frame. Photo by Kevin Nance.


Kevin Nance is a freelance arts journalist, photographer, and poet in Lexington whose work has appeared in the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal, USA Today, the Chicago Tribune, Poets & Writers Magazine and other publications. He's also the host of "Out & About in Kentucky," an LGBTQ newsmagazine show on RadioLex.

Written by Brian Manley of American Gloam and WXOX radio, 2012

Chapter Thirty Two: "Reviews: Ninnie. Tender Mercy"

So far, 2012 has kind of blown my mind a little in the amount of independent releases from Louisville-based musicians. Since February it seems like a new seven-inch, full-length, CD, or digital album has been put out with a party to accompany it almost every week. In attempts to log in and document, here are two more.

Ninnie - "Freedom Rings Placed Within."  

Gosh, I've known Ninnie a long time. Going back to the years we both lived in Lexington, I believe I met her circa 1996ish. We both connected and befriended pretty quickly, and despite traveling to different areas of the US at various points in the last 16 years, here we are now in the River City in 2012.

Ninnie is the pseudonymish moniker used by multi-media performance-visual artist and singer-multi-instrumentalist Cynthia Norton. Born in Athens, Cindy has shown and performed all of over the US, Europe and Asia. Her art reflects the history of women, Kentucky, the rural South, and contemporary culture, blending it all together into a creative homemade vision that access the uses of technology over top the ideas of storytelling through film, created instruments, sculpture and lately, "video-quilts." Some of her latest work has been included in "Young Country" at the Rosenwald Wolf Gallery at the University of Arts in Philadelphia, and in "Contraption: Devices in Art" at the Delaware Center for Contemporary Art in Wilimington, Delaware.     

The character and name Ninnie have undergone a plethora of changes since emerging, each reflecting the path and points Cynthia is taking and making at the moment, whether it be Ninnie Nu Ninnie, Ninnie Nuance, Ninnie Naive all leads to Cynthia's senses of self-discovery and discovery of the world around her, which she reflects in both her performances and the accompanying music, which, for the most part, in my mind, inseparable. Her recordings often tie directly into the themes she is exploring in her visual and performance art, but still stand alone as recordings of some damn interesting and experimental music.  

Her musical writing style is definitely off the regular path, and has changed and developed over the years, but has always had one foot in the dirt of country music. Her 2008 album, "Queen of Cups,"reflects this the most, in my opinion. That relished in the fresh-water spirit of warbly old-time country and bluegrass complete with a full backing band, even swerving into rockabilly with a cover of Wanda Jackson's "My Big Iron Skillet." Ninnie has always written both beautiful and dark music that I've respected ever since hearing her first recordings on a cassette in her living room back in 1996 in Lexington. Plus, at that first meeting she said something that may have been one of the biggest influences on my own songwriting at the time. While listening to a particularly sad number she commented, "I guess this is what we're supposed to do when we're lonely." Doesn't get much more clear cut than that.

I've been lucky enough, since relocating back to Louisville, to have performed several times with Ninnie, and to hear her music change and restructure. The songs have become more intimate, pulling back from the fuller band sound and jogging into a darker, lower-key centered around her use of an electric dulcimer and her voice. Sometimes she sings through distorted portable amps and or an art piece created from a suitcase and tennis racket. Percussion has come from bizarre objects created by Cynthia, often looped and projected and angled in various renditions and styles, uniting the art and the music even further. There's a noisy element that can be had when all of the homemade instruments and her voice, sometimes looping on top itself, creating an ambience that can be disconcerting and simultaneously introspective and wonderful. 

Once while rehearsing for a show at the Alley Theater, I sat back, listening to the sounds she was creating and commented, "Ninnie, it sounds like you've unleashed Patsy Cline into a performance with the Velvet Underground at the Exploding Plastic Inevitable."

The latest album from Ninnie is "Freedom Rings Placed Within," and sees her become even more introspective, concentrating on just her voice and her own creative use of the electric dulcimer. The album was commissioned by the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts (PAFA) for an exhibit of the same name in Philadelphia. The CD accompanies Cindy's first solo museum exhibition of the same name, and through installations, prints and music, according to the PAFA curator Julien Robson, addresses "the historical portrayal of women in art, paternalism and colonialism, and the vernacular forms of folk culture." One of the centerpieces of the show, in my opinion, is a huge homemade dulcimer made from an old wardrobe.  

The CD features seven songs that address these themes individually. Ninnie's voice rises in a solo echo above her dulcimer, which is strummed or banged, sometimes slightly distorted, sometimes clean. Each song is its own mood. Her voice ranges from excitable ("Cleaning Up My Misery") to that warbly sadness she can reach into herself and project ("Emma's Song"), to a straight pretty sound that can be the perfect captivation in a quiet room alone, such as the title track. "Freedom Rings Placed Within" seems to access blues and folk as much as the country was present on "Queen of Cups." The album culminates with "Free from Hell," a pounding romp that finds peace somewhere in the distortion. 



Gerard Brown, "Musical Objects/Sculptural Sound"  1995, Philadelphia, PA.

Sarah Vowell, "Ninnie- Cotton Candy Country (Chicago, Illinois)"  Art Papers, 1995.

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